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  • Consortium: An International Journal of Literary and Cultural Studies is a double blind peer-reviewed, non-profit, international E-journal on Literature and Cultural Studies.
  • The journal aims to publish critical and scholarly writings, interviews, book reviews on literatures and cultures from any part of the globe.
  • Consortium Journal encourages and entertains interdisciplinary research in humanities and social sciences.
  • Consortium is an open-access journal which is free to access from any corner of the world. The journal team firmly believe that the open-access policy of the journal will provide larger readership to the author(s).


Latest Articles


The eighteenth century colonial Bengal required its women to be secluded in the inner areas of their household , the 'anthapur', to conform to the norms of the gendered narrative of the patriarchal, Rassundari Devi became a voice and mirror of the realities faced by women. In writing her story Rassundari not only exposes the fearful claws of patriarchy but through her transgressions of reading, writing and publishing brings forward the isolated female voice from the kitchen to the courtyard. These massive transgressions are although done under the faith that it in itself is a guidance from the higher power above, her father figure, her Dayamadhav. It is interesting to note how her Vaishnav Religiosity due to the absence of her biological father takes the form of a father archetype. The Godhead, Dayamadhav becomes her respite from fear in the absence of a parenting figure right from her childhood to her death. It is interesting to note that her intense quest to learning is justified by Rassundari herself as a process to progress into an intellectual dialogue which is far removed from the social constraints or imperative norms of the social setup of the eighteenth century Bengal. Her interaction with the Godhead develops a sense of Mimicry in the worshipper, Rassundari. This sense of mimicking her Dayamadhav helps Rassundari acquire a more so, uncanny power of foretelling , a power that makes 'thakurma' pious, holy in spite of her massive transgressions in the rigid, Patrilinear society. This paper stands as an enquiry into Rassundari's pychosexual development and her metamorphosis from her humane, physical existential self into a self with spiritual superiority, a Godly self.




Ulgulaan: A Revolt against Environmental Exploitation By Sandip Kumar Mishra Headmaster Karanjee Subhas Bidyabhaban Abstract The present paper is an attempt to study the ecological implications of Ulgulaan as discovered in the famous novel by Mahasweta Devi named Aranyer Adhikar. The Adivasi people like Kol, Vil, Santhal, Munda, Ho, Sabar are being exploited by the so-called civilized world in the name of development. They are bereft of their right to the forest which is essential for their very subsistence. They are stigmatized as the marginal and are forced to leave their natural habitat with the land, water, and forest. However the astonishing truth is that these people strive hard to keep up the ecological balance. They never exploit the natural environment; rather they fight against the environmental exploitation. The Munda people waged war against their exploiters through a revolt referred to as Ulgulaan. What is Hul to the Santhal, Ulgulaan is to the Mundas. The article explores the ecological implications of Ulgulaan as found in Devi’s immortal novel Aranyer Adhikar (Right to Forest). Keywords: Ulgulaan, Environmental exploitation, Birsa Munda, Forest.




In speech production, no segment within connected speech can have its surface output in isolation. Rather, the input necessarily undergoes moderations through close interactions with the adjacent/neighbouring segments. In speech, the discrete, invariant unit (input) gets obscured with overlapping boundaries at both the articulatory and acoustic levels. Coming down to the word domain, it is universal that vowels interact with each other (V-to-V interaction) even across consonants that often can act upon the vowel gestures (C-to-V interaction). While vowels have global gestures, consonants have local ones. But, since gesture may be both articulatory (time-based) and acoustic (formant-based), the intersegmental interaction can be manifested through some overlap that is pivotal to coarticulation (CoA). It can be defined as an overlap between the global (vocalic) and local (consonantal), or even between articulatory gestures of vowels. This interaction can take place even at the phonological level, e.g. when betrayed through feature spreading. Coarticulation models and theories that have evolved in the last 60 years try to define the nature of this transition from the discrete input to the variability of articulation of an output. This paper is a critical review of these recent models dealing with the variable, indiscrete outputs at the production level. CoA is such a complex phenomenon with different aspects like articulation, acoustics, time, gesture, feature etc., that any single theory or model fails to capture. It is an attempt to look into the incompleteness and inadequacies of these models that point out the need for a composite CoA model. [250 Words]




Abstract: Nature comprises an important domain of literature. Reading systematically any text from the aspect of nature centered approach, is known as ecocriticism, a distinctive branch of literary criticism appearing since the late 1970s. Ecocriticism is a systematic and interdisciplinary study of the relationship between literature and environment with a view of spreading consciousness of the man-made environmental exploitation and damage for the greater sake of humanity. Ecocritics explore human attitudes toward the environment as expressed in text or writing on the natural world. Like the ecocritics, Kamala Markandaya (1924-2004) was greatly concerned with Nature as well as environmental damage. An ‘eco-conscious’ writer, Markandaya deals with the environmental issues in her maiden novel Nectar in a Sieve (1954) if looked from the lens of ecocriticism. The present paper attempts to examine Markandaya’s Nectar in a Sieve from the ecocritical perspectives and it aims at projecting how the novelist represents within the fictional canvas the interface between the human life and the natural world and how the environment is challenged and its aftermath on the rural life, and finally the author’s attitude towards the environmental loss on the wake of rural industrialization in modern India.




Satyajit Ray, apart from being an esteemed director and novelist was also a prolific short story writer, but, unfortunately, unlike his novels, his short stories are not considered as a part of the Bengali literary canon. Nevertheless, much like his novels, most of his short stories fall under the category of detective fiction, a genre, that he had mastered. However, similar to the short stories available in the Western canon, especially, the American canon, there are some tales in Ray’s repository of short stories that revolve around enigmas and riddles which produce an uncanny effect. The uncanny can be defined as the uneasy feeling, distinguished from horror, generated by the emergence of a familiar thing that had been repressed. The aim of this paper is to locate and interpret the sources of uncanny in Ray’s “Fritz” and “Anukul”.



Latest Book Reviews


The novel, Prelude to a Riot by Annie Zaidi is a perfect reflection of today's India where tension between communities is brewing because of the growing divisive politics. The author through her unique style of narration brings to the fore various issues that has shaken the social fabric of contemporary India causing an atmosphere of fear and amongst different sections of people including minorities, the migrant workers, the tribals and the women. Set in an unnamed south Indian town, the novel revolves around two families of wealthy state owners; one Muslim and another Hindu, and shows that how because of the growing divisive politics things have turned scarily problematic for the Muslim family. The author by allowing each character a space to speak their mind in the form of soliloquies brings to the fore the varied forms of nuances and problems existing in today's India and hints at an impending violence.




At the end of Donald Trump’s presidentship, George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949) which was published almost 70 years back suddenly became one of the best-selling novels in the U.S. One could postulate that Trump’s various repressive racial policies, totalitarian mindset, shared cultural insecurity of the Americans and Orwell’s broad minacious dystopian vision were the reason behind this hasty popularity. This is the process, I think, by which a book becomes canon by rediscovering its significance in every new ‘turn’ of history. Dorothy M. Figueira’s Aryans, Jews, Brahmins: Theorizing Authority through Myths of Identity although was first published in 2002, the book is in similar fashion more relevant at present than ever before especially in the context of India. Why? I would provide an answer to this statement at the end of my discussion.




The book for review is comprised of eight chapters. Each reverberates around the existence of the Rajbanshi community with their own history, socio-cultural behaviour, and moreover, folktales and folksongs – an oral literature associated with them. As the book is titled the “Rajbanshi Folk Tales and Folk Songs”, the focus is much on that subject matter only rather than on the history of the Rajbanshi community. But unless one gets acquainted with the history of the Rajbanshi community and its own separate socio-cultural identity, one cannot understand the essence of these folk tales and songs associated with this community. So, the author has wisely included a few chapters related to history, location, identity, and language of the Rajbanshi community at the end section of the book.




In Staying with the Trouble: Making Kin in the Chthulucene, Donna J. Haraway addresses deeply situated feminist explorations and varied epistemologies and ecologies. It contains figurative criticism of the current environmental crises that forms the emergency of the Anthropocene. Haraway traverses alternative ways of knowing how the subject’s experiences of the past, present, future, gender, culture, race all dissolve into each other and need continuous interrogations to arrive at the evolving notions of subjecthood and environment. The book investigates thematerial semiotics, political histories of different surfaces, mythologies, species, and stories and forces us to establish contact with other existents in search of harmonious ways of survival. In our age when global politics and global capital are operating by destruction and distortion of natural resources, the book emerges as an inevitable counter by product of staying with the trouble.




This book brings a continuous evolution and preservation of refugee community identities, transformation of cultural values and Politicization of linguistic nationalism in Assam and Tripura in postcolonial India. By using primary resources such as central and state government archives, official records, census data, extensive field survey, along with contemporary literature author aims to portray the resistance of refugees for collective community identity and official recognition as a citizen of India. Author tried to question the categorization of refugees' as a fragmented cultural and ethnic identities and present a biased and discriminatory politics of state towards Bengali refugees' in Assam and Tripura during refugee rehabilitation programme. She also highlighted interlinkage of refugee issue also with the identity politics, dispute on boundary demarcations, land resource management and allocation along with preservation of tribal ethnicity and collective community identity values.